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Flashcard #17: Common computer terms and their meaning
Susie Tutor Susie Tutor says:
"Don't panic when you hear words like RAM & cache! They're not as tough as they sound."


Cache, pronounced cash, is a temporary storage area that your browser (a program for viewing the Internet) uses to keep web pages and image (picture) files.

Default refers to a value or setting that a device or program automatically selects if you don't specify otherwise.

Driver: a software program that allows the operating system to use a device like a printer. A driver acts like a translator between the device and programs that use the device.

File extention: the letters after a file name are called the file extension. They tell you what kind of file it is. Ex: .jpg and .gif are file extentions for image (picture) files. But .doc is a document file extension.

Hard disk: the main device that a computer uses to store information.

Internet: woldwide network of computers that communicate.

ISP or Internet Service Provider: company that connects you to the Internet.

Operating System or OS: the main software that manages your computer. Ex. Windows 95, 98, 2000, or NT

Path: refers to the exact directions to a file on a computer.

Properties: the settings and other information that describe a file, device, etc.

RAM or Random Access Memory: the working memory of the computer that's used for storing data temporarily while working on it, running application programs, etc.

Search Engine: a tool for searching for information on the Internet.

Utility: small helper program, not a main application program. Example: a screensaver

Zip: a compressed file format (.zip). If files are compressed before being downloaded from the Internet, its faster to download. You need a program like Winzip to zip & unzip files.
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